Leh is a town in the Leh district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, the seat of which was in the Leh Palace, the former mansion of the royal family of Ladakh, built in the same style and about the same time as the Potala Palace in Tibet, the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamshala, India, during the 1959 Tibetan uprising. Leh is at an altitude of 3,524 metres (11,562 ft), and is connected via National Highway 1 to Srinagar in the southwest and to Manali in the south via the Leh-Manali Highway.
Ladakh (land of high passes) is a region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.It is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir and its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet. Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and culture.
Rock carvings found in many parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times.Earliest inhabitants of Ladakh consisted of a mixed Indo-Aryan population of Mons and Dards, who find mention in the works of Herodotus,[b] Nearchus, Megasthenes, Pliny,[c] Ptolemy,[d] and the geographical lists of the Puranas. Around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire. Buddhism spread into western Ladakh from Kashmir in the 2nd century when much of eastern Ladakh and western Tibet was still practicing the Bon religion. The 7th century Buddhist traveler Xuanzang describes the region in his accounts.
The desert type of climate is typical of Leh Ladakh with dry winds blowing throughout the day and summers being hot and humid. On your visit to Leh, you will face the cold desert climate, especially from October to March. In winters the temperatures are extreme in Leh, dipping below freezing point. However, winter days are sunny and bright. The lowest winter temperature recorded in Leh is around minus 23 degree Celsius. Mountaineers and trekkers enjoy the climate of Leh Ladakh to the fullest! Considering the extremities that you face here, make sure to carry winter shields, woolen wear and snow boots. During the months of December and January the inflow of tourist is comparatively low. However, the peak season in Ladakh starts from April and runs till mid-May. Thus, during these months, the well-planned Ladakh tour packages witness a huge demand.The remaining year is hotter in the hills and temperatures in summer go up to 30 degree Celsius. Rainfall in Leh averages up to 90 mm every year and is rare in winter.
Climate in Ladakh : Besides a stunning landscape, Ladakh has a great diversity of climate. Part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh has aptly been called a high altitude desert. Abnormal rains in winter often cause the temperature to dip further. With the winter season lasting more than half the year, summer is a short spell that is mostly dry and windy. Summer season lasts from May to September. Glaciers in Leh take the entire season to melt.
Leh Ladak is a multicuisine destination serving Indian, Tibetan, Chinese and even Korean. The cuisine here exhibits tints of these foreign influences. Visitors must try out the local dishes which almost define the cuisine here such as Thukpa, noodle soup;Tsampa, known in Ladakhi as Ngamphe (roasted barley flour), and Skyu which is a heavy pasta dish with plenty of veggies as well as the very popular and delicious Momos which are steamed dumplings stuffed with vegetables or meat.
Drinks include Tea, coffee, beer and Chang which is an alcoholic beverage drunk especially on festive occasions.